The Bethel Regiment was the popular name of the first regiment of volunteers raised in North Carolina at the beginning of the Civil War. Commanded by Col. Daniel Harvey Hill, it played a significant role in winning the first land battle of the conflict at Bethel, Va., on 10 June 1861. The first Confederate soldier from the state to be killed in action, Henry Lawson Wyatt, died there.
11th Infantry Regiment was organized at Camp Mangum, near Raleigh, North Carolina, in March, 1862. The nucleus of this unit was made up of men who saw prior service in the 1st (Bethel) North Carolina Regiment. Its members were from the counties of Mecklenburg, Burke, Bertie, Chowan, Orange, Lincoln, and Buncombe. Assigned to the Department of North Carolina, it fought at White Hall, then moved to Virginia. Here the unit was placed in General Pettigrew's, Kirkland's, and MacRae's Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. It fought on many battlefields from Gettysburg to Cold Harbor, endured the hardships of the Petersburg trenches, and saw action around Appomattox. It lost over half of the 617 at Gettysburg, reported 15 casualties at Bristoe, and surrendered 8 officers and 74 men. The field officers were Colonels Collett Leventhorpe and William J. Martin, Lieutenant Colonels Francis W. Bird and William A. Owens, and Major Egbert A. Ross.




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